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Preconceptional Care - Vardaan Hospital

Preconceptional Care - Vardaan Hospital

Pregnancy is a major event in a woman’s life. In today’s days of hectic lifestyles and working women, and with advances in science, planning a conception has become a part of every couple’s life. With modern medical knowledge it is now possible to take wise decisions about your and your partner’s health and lifestyle which will eventually affect the outcome of your pregnancy. Sitting down with your doctor to discuss your health, diet and environment helps to make changes, if required, to these factors.

A few of the factors which affect the mother and the baby are:

  • Age
  • Diseases
  • Nature of work
  • Family history
  • Lifestyle


A woman’s reproductive age, theoretically, is about 15-45 years. But getting pregnant at the extremes of this range can cause problems for the mother and child. Very young women are not fully prepared for a baby, physically as well as emotionally. Teenage pregnancies for this reason can cause great harm, especially for the mother.

On the other hand, pregnancies in women older than 35 years are associated with an increased incidence of congenital abnormalities in babies.

Medical conditions

A woman’s health during her pregnancy is a major factor which will decide the outcome of her pregnancy. A healthy woman will have a healthy baby. With modern medicine most diseases can be cured or controlled easily. Getting a check-up done before pregnancy might help you identify any disease you may have and bringing that under control will help you have an uneventful pregnancy.

A few problems which can adversely affect you and your baby are:

  • Anaemia
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension (High blood pressure)

Most medications you take during pregnancy can cross over to the baby and cause harm to your baby. Thus, you should always consult your doctor before taking any medication during pregnancy.

Infections and Vaccinations

During pregnancy the mother is more vulnerable to infections. These infections can harm not only the baby, but also the mother. Some infections during pregnancy can cause serious birth defects or illnesses in the baby.

STDs (sexually transmitted diseases, like Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea, Genital herpes, Syphilis, HIV) are especially dangerous. They not only can affect your ability to become pregnant but can also infect and harm your baby.

Talk to your doctor if you need any vaccinations before your pregnancy, especially rubella (German measles). Your doctor might also advise you to get a vaccination for tetanus during your pregnancy.

Past pregnancies

Your previous obstetric history might affect your present pregnancy. If you have had a miscarriage or previous baby with a birth defect, your doctor may suggest studies to find out the cause. Doctor may also advise you to take certain medicines before conception.

Family Health History

Hereditary diseases, though rare, are a major cause of preventable disability and death. These diseases run in families and if one of your family members has some such disease, genetic counselling and testing can help prevent this disease in your child. A child can get such a disease from either her father or mother. Your doctor may advise you and your partner to undergo some tests to determine if either of you have such a disease.

Few of these diseases are:

  • Haemophilia Thallaesaemia, Cystic Fibrosis

So if you, your partner or someone in your family has a history of such a disease be sure to tell your doctor.

Nutrition & Lifestyle

You might have to make certain changes in your lifestyle to enjoy a successful pregnancy. Stress can affect you and your baby’s health.

Your nutritional requirements increase as your pregnancy advances. Talk to your doctor about a well-balanced diet, which will provide adequate energy, proteins, vitamins and minerals for you and your growing baby.

Tobacco, alcohol and drugs harm the growing baby in many ways. You should abstain from these before and throughout your pregnancy, and preferably forever.

Pregnancy, on the whole, is an enjoyable experience. A little care of yourself will go a long way in making yours and your baby’s life healthy and fun. We wish you all the best!

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